How Norway became a world-leader in sustainable fishing

The fishing industry has been vital to our livelihood for centuries, but how has it evolved to make us one of the world leaders in sustainable seafood?

The timeline

Stone Age
Rock carvings show images of fishing for halibut from skin boats.
Priest Peder Claussøn Friis references mackerel in his book "Norges beskrivelse".
First ship laden with clipfish sets sail from Norway.
Late 1700s
Norway exports mackerel roe to France for the first time. It arrives salted in barrels.
Norway exports fresh mackerel to England for the first time.
Norway exports salted autumn mackerel to America for the first time.
Salted mackerel finds its way to France, England and other European countries.
The Institute of Marine Research logo black&white
The Institute of Marine Research is founded in Norway. This research institute is vital for the monitoring of stocks and the regulation of our fisheries.
The first trawling act is adopted and this slows down the development of Norwegian trawl fishing.
Despite major resistance, the number of motorised fishing vessels increases to 6,000.

Around 70 canning factories are built in Stavanger. The sprat industry booms.
Norges fiskarlag logo
The Norwegian Fishermen’s Association is founded as the national trade union for Norwegian fishermen.
Modernisation of the fleet continues as the purse seine fishing boat ‘Signal III’ from Rogaland is the first Norwegian fishing vessel to use a sonar system to locate fish.
Logo Norges sildesalgslag (Black and white)
The Norges Sildesalslag (Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales organisation for pelagic fish) was founded following the merger of two fishing associations, Storsildlaget and Stor-og Vårsildlaget.
Norges Makrellag (the Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales Organisation for Mackerel) was founded. It was tasked with taking care of first hand sales, exports and production, and securing stable prices and payment terms.
The Norwegian government passes the Raw Fish Act, giving fishermen a monopoly, through their own sales organisation, on first sales of certain fish species within geographical areas. This helps ensure relative uniformity and stable prices along our coast.
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs logo
Reidar Carlsen of the Labour party becomes the Minister of Fisheries, making Norway the first country in the world to have one. At the same time, a Ministry of Fisheries is formed.
Nylon is introduced, strengthening our purse-seines.
‘Ola Ryggefjord’ from Havøysund is the first Norwegian vessel to use a power block or purse seine winch, a device which significantly increases the capacity of purse seine fishing.
The North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) is formed. This is one of several important forums for international cooperation concerning negotiations over shared resources.
The first factory trawler, 'M/TR Longva' is built in Norway.
Map showing the fishery protection zone
A 200 mile fisheries protection zone around Norway is introduced. Within this zone, Norway has exclusive rights to the extraction of natural resources.
The UN’s the Law of the Sea treaty is opened for signing. This international agreement regulates traffic and economic activity on the open seas, and the rights of coastal states to nearby maritime zones.
The system of opening and closing fishing zones in the Norwegian and Barents Sea was introduced.
A ban on fish discards was introduced in Norway. This ban initially covered cod and haddock in the economic zone north of 62°N, but this has been expanded since.
Logo Norges sildesalgslag (Black and white)
Norges Makrellag merged with Norges Sildesalgslag (Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales organisation for pelagic fish), which even today takes care of the first hand sales of mackerel and other pelagic species on behalf of the fishermen.
Norge logo black&white
The Norwegian Seafood Export Council (NSEC) was founded. In 2012, the NSEC changes its name to the Norwegian Seafood Council.
The Norwegian Seafood Federation is founded. This brings together the entire seafood sector under one umbrella organisation.
Flags: Japan and China
China and Japan are the biggest export markets for mackerel. Other important markets are the Netherlands, Nigeria and Turkey. Today, 98 % of Norwegian mackerel catches are exported.
MSC logo black&white
North East Atlantic mackerel is MSC re-certified.