How Norway became a world-leader in sustainable fishing

The fishing industry has been vital to our livelihood for centuries, but how has it evolved to make us one of the world leaders in sustainable seafood?

The timeline

Stone Age
岩石雕刻展示皮艇捕捞大比目鱼的景象。早在14世纪,挪威就开始向欧洲出口鱼干。
1500s
Priest Peder Claussøn Friis references mackerel in his book "Norges beskrivelse".
1692
第一艘装满了鳕鱼的轮船从挪威出发。
Late 1700s
Norway exports mackerel roe to France for the first time. It arrives salted in barrels.
1860s
Norway exports fresh mackerel to England for the first time.
1880s
Norway exports salted autumn mackerel to America for the first time.
1900s
Salted mackerel finds its way to France, England and other European countries.
1900
The Institute of Marine Research logo black&white
The Institute of Marine Research is founded in Norway. This research institute is vital for the monitoring of stocks and the regulation of our fisheries.
1908
政府推出首个拖网捕鱼法案,减缓了挪威拖网渔业务的发展。
1920
Despite major resistance, the number of motorised fishing vessels increases to 6,000.

Around 70 canning factories are built in Stavanger. The sprat industry booms.
1926
Norges fiskarlag logo
挪威捕鱼人协会成立,承担挪威捕鱼人国家贸易联盟的责任。
1934
捕鱼舰队的继续进行现代化发展,来自Rogaland的围网捕捞船“Signal III”号是挪威第一艘使用声呐系统外框鱼群的渔船。
1936
Logo Norges sildesalgslag (Black and white)
The Norges Sildesalslag (Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales organisation for pelagic fish) was founded following the merger of two fishing associations, Storsildlaget and Stor-og Vårsildlaget.
1937
Norges Makrellag (the Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales Organisation for Mackerel) was founded. It was tasked with taking care of first hand sales, exports and production, and securing stable prices and payment terms.
1938
挪威政府通过了生鱼法案,给予捕鱼人垄断权,他们得以通过自己的销售组织,在各自地理区域范围内销售某一类型的鱼产品。这一举措有助于确保沿海地区鱼类价格相对统一和稳定。
1946
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs logo
劳动党的Reidar Carlsen担任捕鱼协会的部长,他让挪威成为全球首个拥有雷达渔船的国家。同年,捕鱼协会成立。
1950
Nylon is introduced, strengthening our purse-seines.
1957
来自Havoysund的Ola Ryggefjord是挪威第一艘使用动力滑块或围网绞车的渔船,这种设备能够显著提升围网捕鱼量。
1959
东北大西洋渔业委员会成立。这是开展国际共享资源合作谈判的重要论坛之一。
1962
The first factory trawler, 'M/TR Longva' is built in Norway.
1977
Map showing the fishery protection zone
挪威周边建立了范围200英里的渔业保护区,挪威这个保护区中的自然资源享有专有取用权。
1982
联合国海洋法公约开放签署 这个国际法案规定了公海的交通和经济活动,并对临近海域沿海国家的权利进行了制约。
1984
挪威引入了开放和关闭捕鱼区系统。
1987
挪威引入丢弃鱼类禁令。该禁令最初针对北纬62°以北经济区的鳕鱼和黑线鳕鱼,之后适用范围逐渐扩大。
1989
Logo Norges sildesalgslag (Black and white)
Norges Makrellag merged with Norges Sildesalgslag (Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales organisation for pelagic fish), which even today takes care of the first hand sales of mackerel and other pelagic species on behalf of the fishermen.
1991
Norge logo black&white
挪威海产品出口外贸局成立。2012年,NSEC更名为挪威海产品委员会。
1994
挪威海产品联盟成立。这个组织将所有海产品行业聚集在一个机构的管辖范围内。
2015
Flags: Japan and China
China and Japan are the biggest export markets for mackerel. Other important markets are the Netherlands, Nigeria and Turkey. Today, 98 % of Norwegian mackerel catches are exported.
2016
MSC logo black&white
North East Atlantic mackerel is MSC re-certified.