前瞻思维

我们国家的文化和历史与海洋有着密不可分的关系,因此保护我们的传统,维持鱼群未来的生长发展,对我们来说至关重要。这也是我们采用整体观念方式进行渔业管理的原因。我们将鱼类、海洋、我们国家的人民以及生存环境放在我们所有行动的核心地位。

我们的管理和监控流程以长远思考为基础。这样做能够让我们保护鱼群——尤其是鳕鱼——同时保护产业履行者和沿海社区。我们对捕鱼流程的每一个步骤——从捕捞到销售——都通过配额制度、特许权规则进行严格管理,并通过监测和控制进行监管。这一流程是公认的全球最优流程。

The green choice

Environmentally aware consumers can happily serve Norwegian seafood for dinner. Compared with other foods, such as beef or chicken, the landing of herring and mackerel has a much lower carbon footprint.

Carbon footprints and energy use of Norwegian seafood and European meat products

This graph shows the difference in carbon footprint between Norwegian seafood and European meat products as the product travels through the supply chain (per kilo of edible product delivered to the wholesaler).

The UN recently reported on the management policies of the world’s fisheries nations and named Norway as a leader and pioneer on environmental issues. We’re also world leaders in reducing discards, with an outright ban on discards for 18 different species of fish.

Graph showing carbon footprint and energy use of Norwegian seafood and European meat products

Our long-term strategy

Our management and monitoring process is based on long-term thinking. This enables us to safeguard our fish stocks and protect industry practitioners and coastal communities. Every step of our fishing process – from catching to selling – is rigorously managed through quotas and concessions and monitored through surveillance and controls. Through this, we hope that future generations will benefit from the resources we’ve been so fortunate to enjoy.

Mackerel stocks are managed through cooperation between all relevant countries - Norway, Russia, the Faeroe Islands, Iceland and the EU. The agreements are part of a long-term strategy and ensure that catches only take place within a set biological period (the premium catch period). This regulation ensures that people will be able to enjoy Norwegian mackerel for years to come.

Source: Pelagic Trade Brochure (2011)

The monitoring process

Norway’s unique body of knowledge and expertise constitutes one of the largest research and development opportunities for seafood in the world. Through legislation, regulation and controls, we put this research into sustainable practice.

Magnifying glass

Paragraph symbol

Regulation

Paper and pencil

Control

Checkmark
A small fishing boat on the sea

研究

挪威独一无二的知识和专业体系,促成了全球最大的海产品研究和发展契机。

挪威的研究机构对海洋进行监管,确保我们通过可持续的方式捕捞海洋提供的资源。这些研究机构关注气候变化,并就如何保护生态系统提出管理法案建议。这些研究机构还会研究海产品作为日常饮食的营养价值。

通过立法、管理和控制,我们把这种研究落实到可持续发展实践之中。

产业机构包括:

The institute of marine research

As Norway’s largest centre of marine science, the Institute of Marine Research (IMR) is vital to our monitoring process. They provide us with expert advice and research on aquaculture and the ecosystems of our various fishing locations – the Barents Sea, the North Sea, the Norwegian costal line and the Norwegian Sea.

Maintaining the health of the sea is fundamental for our thriving fisheries – something that would be more difficult without the IMR’s guidance.

国际海洋考察理事会

ICES logo

国际海洋考察理事会(ICES)协助并推广海洋学、海洋环境、以及北冰洋海洋生物资源的研究工作。国际海洋考察理事会提供的海洋生态系统科学建议,是政府和国际管理机构的主要信息来源。

国家营养和海产品研究所(NIFES)

NIFES logo

国家营养和海产品研究所是政府研究机构,主要研究鱼类营养、海产品安全和食用海产品的健康影响。国家营养和海产品研究所研究食用鱼肉会对健康产生怎样的影响、鱼肉的好处,以及对环境的影响。这确保我们具备渔业和水产养殖生产可持续发展的基础。

Legislation

The Marine Resources Act regulates the fishing of living marine resources. The Participation Act regulates who can fish for a living. Together, this legislation seeks to protect both the ecosystem and the livelihoods of everyone involved in the fishing industry.

Norway introduced a strict ban on discards in 1987. Not only is dumping unwanted stock back into the sea a waste of food, it leads to unrecorded catches and inaccurate statistics, disrupting the basis of scientific assessment. This remains a key difference between the EU Common Fisheries Policy (discarding what you cannot land) and the Norwegian Management System (we must land what we catch)

  • We are the world leader in adopting measures to reduce fish discards.
  • There are virtually zero cases of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing for mackerel  in our waters.
  • We have stringent controls on both land and at sea for both foreign and Norwegian vessels.
  • Norway has strict rules in place regarding fishing gear.

 

Regulation 

Quota regulations, international fisheries agreements and the regulation of catch sizes – our industry bodies work together to ensure the long-term survival of the Norwegian fishing industry.

 If you want to learn more about regulation you can find it here.

Control

Fisherman on a boat

Our surveillance and control programmes have been set up and are operated throughout the seafood chain. Each organisation involved in the production and supply of Norwegian mackerel cooperates to create the surveillance system. This ensures seafood safety and protects our customers’ interests. This level of control may be challenging and time-consuming, but we believe that the fishing industry, which holds such importance within our culture, deserves nothing less.

海洋渔业督导处

Logo Directorate of Fisheries

海洋渔业督导处通过码头周围区域的销售检验、上岸后稽核以及海洋检查,监管并控制整个价值链。主要关注点为配额控制,以及确保捕鱼行动符合现行的法规。除此以外,海洋渔业督导处还负责水产养殖管理,以及水产养殖管控等职能。

Sales organisations

The sales organisations are owned by the fishermen of Norway. Their main objective is to provide clear, fair and controlled conditions in regard to fishing and trading catches between fishermen and buyers. They work under the authority of the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries and it is prohibited to sell marine fish in Norway outside of the sales organisations.

海岸警卫队

Logo The Coast Guard

海岸警卫队负责执行资源控制,包括对挪威和国外海洋当前的捕捞船队。海岸警卫队通过资源控制、配额控制、渔船检验、海关控制以及挪威水域的基本监管,对渔业行为进行管控。